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Types of Heart Disease

Learn more about the different types of heart disease and their common risk factors.

Types of Heart Disease ICON

Heart Disease, also known as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), is a broad term which describes a group of heart-related conditions.

The most common types of heart disease include Coronary Heart Disease, Coronary Artery Spasm, Coronary Slow Flow Phenomenon, Tako-tsubo Cardiomyopathy, Heart Attack, Heart Failure, Valvular Heart Disease and Arrhythmias.

These are described below in more detail:

Dr Timothy Surman heart scaled

The most common types of heart disease include:

Risk factors for heart disease include:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High cholesterol
  • High body mass index (being overweight or obese)
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Low fruit and vegetable intake (poor diet)
  • Age, sex, inherited genes or sharing an environment of risky health behaviours can also increase risk.

Conditions such as diabetes, anxiety and depression can increase a person’s risk of developing CVD.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and having regular check-ups with your doctor can dramatically reduce your risk of developing heart disease.

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